A. Strengthening Livelihood Security of Climate Change Vulnerable People.
The negative impacts of climate change make Bangladesh one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. In the last two decades or so, increased frequency of floods, droughts, tidal surge and cyclones caused extensive economic damage and impacted livelihoods of the poor and marginal population who have been living in the fragile coastal areas of Bangladesh. Extreme weather events, monsoon variability and Sea Level Rise (SLR) induced salinity have forced to change the traditional cropping patterns of agriculture. In many part of the coastal region crop cultivation has been replaced by shrimp farming in saline-water which occurs serious impact on livelihood and food security of marginalized population. The situation forced the climate induced migration. To improved quality of life of climate vulnerable people in the southwest coastal region, LEDARS has taken a pilot program with the support of Bread for the World. In this project, LEDARS will work with 400 vulnerable families to increase climate adaptive agro-based livelihood practices, improve food security and increase practices of climate change adaptive alternative livelihood and increased access to safe drinking water. Click here for detail
B. Development of the Center for Coastal Climate Resilient (C3R):
The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone areas of the country as well as in the world due to its geographical location. Due to salinity intrusion, sea level rise, frequent disasters, shrimp cultivation, river bank erosion, people are immersed in distress in their livelihoods which force them to extract resources from Sundarbans or to migrate to safer places for better livelihood. Almost every year, the area faces remarkable cyclones signal level of 3-7, which creates anxiety of the community people. The shrimp induced unemployed people are fiercely engaged into forest resource collection. While the poor people go into the Sundarbans to earn their livelihood, they often become victims by the tigers. A significant number of tiger victims’ widows living in this area. It is alarming that a significant number of people are under threat and some are already migrated from this area for better and safe livelihoods. In the community, there are indigenous copping and adaptation technologies but that are not being promoted. Access to information on climate change, adaptation and mitigation is very poor.
Considering the situation, LEDARS is trying to develop a Center for Coastal Climate Resilient (C3R) in Munshigonj union, Shyamnagar upazila of Satkhira district. The major activities of the center are,
Establish a training facility for the community people and students: LEDARS bought 158.00 decimals land for the center and already developed training facilities by the financial support of 2 different donors. LEDARS already developed a three-storied building with well-equipped training facilities.
Development of demonstration plot on adaptive technology: In the center premises, LEDARS is demonstrating the viable climate adaptive technology like water treatment technology, climate adaptive irrigation system, different types of crop cultivation etc. Anyone can see the technology in the center.
Established a technology park: LEDARS is establishing a technology display center in the C3R campus. Viable adaptation and mitigation technologies for the coastal area are being installing. Community people, students, researchers, development activist can visit our technology park.
Established a laboratory: LEDARS established a laboratory in the center premises to provide support to community people. People can take support to test their soil and water in the laboratory.
Establishment of Knowledge Management Center: In the C3R campus, a knowledge management center is being developing. In initial phase a small library has been setup in the existing building. Student, community people, researchers visit everyday. Besides this handbook, posters, newsletter, other relevant important document has been developing.